the letter summary in hindi for class 10

the letter summary in hindi for class 10
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Welcome to examframe. Read the letter summary in hindi for class 10. You will be adble to understand what the whole story is all about. It is brief which will give you a good start for the story. There are also character sketch of important character Ali and some important questions. Read Mrs packletide’s tiger summary in hindi Class 10

the letter summary in hindi for class 10

कहानी एक व्यक्ति के असीम विश्वास से संबंधित है जो भाग्य और ईश्वर में विश्वास करती है।

  • अली, एक कमजोर बूढ़ा आदमी नियमित रूप से सुबह के कार्यालय में आता है, जिसमें उसकी एकमात्र बेटी मिरियम का एक पत्र प्राप्त करने की उम्मीद होती है, जो उसके विवाह के बाद उससे दूर रहती है।
  • पत्र के लिए अली का इंतजार लंबा हो गया है और वह अपने धैर्य और विश्वास का परीक्षण बन जाता है।
  • पोस्ट ऑफिस स्टाफ हमेशा उसे एक हास्य का पात्र बनाता है और उसके साथ मजाक करता है, उसे पागल कहता है और एक पिता की भावनाओं का अनादर करता है, फिर भी वह अव्यवस्थित रहता है।
  • अली अपने युवा दिनों में ऐसा व्यक्ति नहीं था, वह एक भावुक ‘शिकारी’ था और जानवरों और पक्षियों को मारने से प्यार करता था। उनकी एकमात्र बेटी उनके साथ रहती थी। उसके विवाह के बाद उसके बीच एक परिवर्तन होता है और फिर वह महसूस करता है कि इस दुनिया में सब कुछ प्यार से शासित है और अलग होने का दर्द अपरिहार्य है। वह शिकार छोड़ देता है और तब से वह अपनी बेटी की भलाई के बारे में जानने के लिए डाकघर में आता है।
  • मानवता और मनुष्यों में उनका विश्वास बहुत पीड़ादायक है क्योंकि पोस्ट ऑफिस में हर कोई उसके साथ बुरा सुलूक करता है, जिसमें पोस्ट मास्टर भी शामिल होता है जिसकी बेटी शादी के बाद उससे दूर रहती है।
  • अली पोस्ट मास्टर को अपनी बेटी के पत्र प्राप्त करने में मदद करने के लिए अनुरोध करता है लेकिन पोस्ट मास्टर उसे ‘कीट’ कहकर अपमानित करता है।
  • अली कई दिनों तक डाकघर नहीं आते हैं और जब वह लौटता है तो वह अपने जीवन के अंत तक पहुंचने जैसा महसूस करता है। निराशा में उन्होंने डाकघर के एक क्लर्क को प्रस्ताव देने का फैसला किया। वह क्लर्क से अनुरोध करता है कि वह अपनी बेटी के पत्र को उसके कब्र पर रखे और उसके एवज में वह उसे पांच सुनहरे गिनीस प्रदान करता है।
  • जब पोस्ट मास्टर खुद को परेशानी में पाती है तो कहानी एक दिलचस्प मोड़ लेती है क्योंकि उसकी बेटी अपने ससुराल वालों के घर पर बीमार पड़ती है और वह उसके कल्याण के बारे में जानना चाहता है। अब वह अली की भावनाओं को समझता है।
  • पोस्ट मास्टर मनुष्यों और पत्रों के प्रति अपना दृष्टिकोण बदलता है।
  • अंततः एक पत्र आता है जिसे अली को संबोधित किया जाता है और फिर पोस्ट मास्टर अपने पश्चाताप के हिस्से के रूप में इसे व्यक्तिगत रूप से अली को सौंपने का फैसला करता है। वह सुबह अली के लिए इंतजार कर रहा है और एक भ्रम हो जाता है कि उसने अली का सामना किया है और उसे बेटी का पत्र सौंप दिया है, लेकिन उसे बड़ा झटका लगता है जब उसे पता चला है कि अली कुछ दिनों पहले मर गया है।

Character Sketch of Coachman Ali in hindi

अली विश्वास, दृढ़ संकल्प और धैर्य का प्रतीक है। उनके जीवन के बाद के हिस्से को उनके पहले के हिस्से के साथ काफी विपरीत पाया गया है। अपने जीवन के पहले हिस्से में उनका एकमात्र पहचान शिकार के लिए उनका जुनून है। वास्तव में, यह उसकी लत है जिसके बिना वह अपने जीवन का सपना देख नहीं सकता है। वह निर्दयी, क्रूर और असंवेदनशील है लेकिन जैसे ही उसकी बेटी शादी कर लेती है, हम एक विपरीत अली पाते हैं। अब वह एक बेहतर तरीके से मानव जीवन को समझता है। वह अलगाव के दर्द का अनुभव करता है और जल्द ही वह शिकार छोड़ देता है। वह जीवन और लोगों से निपटने में महान दृढ़ संकल्प और धैर्य दिखाता है। यह केवल अपने असहनीय विश्वास और धैर्य के कारण है वह एक निर्दयी जीवन खींचने में सक्षम है।

Important questions from the chapter the letter

[A] “Beholding the wooden arch of this building, the old man was filled with the joy that the pilgrim feels when he first sees the goal of his journey.”

(a) What makes the old man feel joyful?

(b) Why is the old man called a pilgrim?

(c) What is the meaning of the word- ‘pilgrim’?

Answers.

(a) The sight of the post office of the town makes him feel joyful.

(b) The old man comes to the post office with the devotion and faith of a pilgrim heading for a worship place and in that respect he is called a pilgrim.

(c) a person who makes a journey to a holy place

 

[B] “But for the faith and love that warmed him, he could not have borne the bitter cold.”

(a) How could the old man bear the bitter cold?

(b) Why does he go to the post office regularly?

(c) What do you mean by ‘faith and love’ in the given context?

 

Answers.

(a) His faith in the Almighty and his love for his daughter helped Ali in bearing the bitter cold.

(b) Ali regularly goes to the post office with the expectation of getting the letter of his only daughter.

(c) ‘Faith’ stands for Ali’s faith in the Almighty and ‘love’ stands for Ali’s love for his daughter.

 

[C] “Now he understood the meaning of love and separation. He could no longer enjoy the sportsman’s pleasure and laughter at the bewildered terror of the young partridges bereft of their parents.”

 

(a) How has Ali understood the meaning of love and separation?

(b) How he used to react at the hunting of young partridges?

(c) What is the meaning of the word-‘bewildered’?

 

Answers.

(a) Ali’s only daughter gets married and settles far away from him, he has not got any news of his daughter for the past five years. His loneliness and separation with his daughter makes him understand these feelings.

(b) Earlier, Ali used to enjoy and laugh at the hunting of the young partridges.

(c) confused or unable to understand anything

 

[D] “Here look at this!” and Ali produced an old tin box and emptied five golden guineas into the surprised clerk’s hands. “Do not look so startled”, he continued. “They will be useful to you and they can never be to me.”

(a) Why did Ali give five golden guineas to the clerk?

(b) Why were the golden guineas of no use to Ali now?

(c) What is the meaning of the word-‘startled’?

Answers.

(a) Ali gave five golden guineas to the clerk so that the clerk placed his daughter’s at his graveyard.

(b) The golden guineas were of no use to Ali now as he believed that he was going to die soon.

(c) shocked/surprised

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS

Q.1. Why did Ali give up hunting?

Ans. After the marriage of his only daughter Ali became alone. This loneliness made him realise the meaning of love and pain of separation. He understood that by hunting he was separating young animals and birds with their parents and so he decided to give up hunting.

Q.2. The Postmaster says to Ali, ‘What a pest you are, brother!’ Do you agree with the statement? Give reasons for your answer.

Ans. No, Ali is not a pest. Though he daily comes to the post office, he never disturbs the staff in imparting their duties. In fact, he never tries to enter the room and waits patiently outside and only tries to enter the room when he is called by the post office staff jestingly. He also never argues with anyone. All this goes to show that he is not a pest.

Q.3. What brought about a change in the Postmaster’s attitude?

Ans. The Postmaster’s attitude changed when his daughter lay ill in another town and he waited anxiously for her news. This worry and anxiety about his daughter changed him. His fatherly heart recognised Ali’s emotions for his daughter. Because of this realisation he gave up his arrogance and became a genuine human being who could understand others.

Q.4. How did the post office staff treat Ali?

Ans. For the post office staff Ali was a laughing stock. They treated him to be a mad person who visited the post office without any reason. They used to play with his emotions. They could never realise the fatherly emotions of Ali. Their behaviour was undesirable.

VALUE BASED QUESTION WITH ANSWER

  1. It is essential to respect everyone’s feelings. Bring out this message with reference to the story.

Answer.  The value that one can derive from the story is that we should always respect the feelings of others irrespective of the status or the position of the individual and must not disrespect and disregard the sentiments of others. Life has its own ways and means and it returns to us whatever we offer to it.

In the story the same idea is reflected. Coachman Ali’s daughter gets married and leaves him. Now, he understands the meaning of love and separation. Since then he has been making visits to the post office with the expectation of getting a letter of his daughter. In place of helping him out and consoling him, the post office staff ridicules him. Even the Postmaster also behaves rudely with him and even terms him a pest. But when he suffers with the same trauma and agony, he realises his mistakes and regrets for his behaviour and wishes to help Ali. In this way, we come to realise that it is imperative to respect everyone’s feelings because one never knows when one will have to face the same situation.

Source – KV New Delhi

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